Diabetic Retinopathy is a condition of the eye that is associated with diabetes. The disorder results from the damage of retinal blood vessels leading to a condition where the eyes are irrigated. Once the retinal blood vessels are damaged, they are unable to transport blood, making them irregular channels that do not perform their functions properly. As a result, the retina, whose functions is to sense light and send signals to the brain, sends blurred or difficult-to-read images to the brain.
The risk of an individual being affected by diabetic retinopathy depends on how long he or she has been diabetic. Also depending on the characteristics and the type of the disease, an individual can lose vision either slowly, with time or instantly. Patients diagnosed with diabetes after an eye fundus test are prescribed the most effective treatment by an ophthalmologist.
There are two well known types of diabetic retinopathy, and they include:
Important points to note about diabetic retinopathy are, in some cases there are no symptoms and the earlier the visual disorder is detected the easier it is to control and treat it. It is also important for diabetic patients to visit an ophthalmologist at least once a year for eye tests. And lastly, the most effective treatment is surgery along with laser, especially in cases where other treatments are not effective.