Uveitis refers to visual disorder associated with the inflammation of the uvea or simply the middle layer of the eye. The three main structures, which make up the uvea include:
An inflammation that occurs on any of the above three years is referred to as Uveitis. Although the disease has been identified as the third leading cause of blindness in developing countries, the disease is not taken into account properly by the general population as a result of infrequent diagnosis.
Carrying out tests to find the exact cause of Uveitis in a patient is a long, tedious and expensive process as there are more than 60 different causes of the disease. The treatment of Uveitis also requires strong systemic medication which includes chemotherapy, immunomodulators and anti-inflammatory steroids. The treatment process has proven difficult for many doctors to manage especially those who do not have experience with Uveitis patients. The three well known categories of causative agents of Uveitis include infections, neoplasias and autoimmune.
The cause of the disease is very important in the treatment as it helps the ophthalmologist to come up with the most effective treatment.
Signs and symptoms associated with Uveitis include:
Uveitis is a recurrent disease, characterized by its symptom free intervals that can result in chronic Uveitis. The fact autoimmunity is a major cause of many cases of Uveitis in patients, immunosuppressant drugs like corticosteroids, non steroidal anti-inflammatory, immunomodulatory and chemotherapy drugs are normally used. To avoid any risk of damage to both eyes in the long run, it is expected that there is no swelling.