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Age-Related Macular Degeneration (AMD)

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Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a condition that affects the retina situated at the back of the eye – the area known as the macula. It is a painless condition but can lead to distorted vision or blank spots when concentrated at a single object. The condition normally appears later in life and is a common occurrence in those over 50 years of age.

There are two types of macular degeneration, the “wet” form and the “dry” form. This is not a description of how the eye feels but what the Ophthalmologist can see when inspecting the inside of the eye. Dry AMD is generally more common but as it is not painful can go unnoticed for some time. Wet AMD is less common but if left untreated can lead to blood vessel damage to the macula. Treatment is now available for both forms of AMD, however regular eye tests are necessary to pick up on the symptoms of the condition.


Dry AMD

“Dry” AMD is the most common form of the condition. Many people find that their vision slowly deteriorates by gradual central blurring, and that the colours fade away like the colours fading in an old photograph. It does not affect your peripheral vision, so cannot lead to total blindness.
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Wet AMD

“Wet” AMD is less common but can result in vision loss due to blood vessel growth behind the retina, causing bleeding and scarring. “Wet” AMD can develop quickly and can become irreversible if left untreated.
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End Stage AMD

End Stage AMD is the most advanced form of age-realted AMD and one of the leading causes of vision loss in those aged 65+. As the name suggests it is the most dangerous form of the disease and can lead to complete or partial blindness.
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